La Repubblica om TEDxTransmedia 2012

Her er tre artikler fra den italienske avisen La Repubblica som tar for seg årets TEDxTransmedia-arrangement i Roma, 28. september 2012 hvor Øyvind Olsholt var en av foredragsholderne. Den første er en forhåndsomtale, den andre et intervju med Øyvind Olsholt, den tredje en rapport fra / anmeldelse av konferansen.

For å gjøre artiklene mer tilgjengelige, har vi dristet oss til å oversette dem til engelsk (thank you, translation.google.com) for deretter selv å forsøke å gi mening til den noe kryptiske nett-oversettelsen. Vi har tatt oss store friheter og det er stort rom for feiltolkning. Noen uforståelig oversatte setninger er utelatt. Innholdet i tekstene må altså tas med en klype salt.

Alle artiklene er skrevet på italiensk av journalist og filosofistudent Gloria Bagnariol, og etter hver oversettelse er det en lenke til hennes original i La Repubblica. Bildene som er brukt her er de samme som i de opprinnelige reportasjene.


Forhåndsomtale av TEDxTransmedia 2012

TEDxTransmedia in Rome to let us return to being a child

On 28 September a TED event comes to Rome. TED is the American mini keynote event born in California to create awareness of "ideas worth spreading." To discuss the new narrative paths, there will be philosophers, journalists, writers and digital visionaries all united by a charge of positive energy and the desire to change.

"All grown-ups were children at least once," wrote Antoine de Saint Exupery in The Little Prince as a dedication to his best friend. For Nicoletta Iacobacci, organiser of TEDxTransmedia 2012, we must start feeling as children whenever we can "because as children we have the enthusiasm, the boldness, the ability to take risks which is necessary in order to create great ideas."

This spirit of discovery and change is at the centre of TED: the mini keynote event invented in San Francisco in 1984 with the desire to "spread ideas worth spreading in the world." In 2006, thanks to the web, TED has become a worldwide phenomenon. And with TEDx independent events (albeit organised in accordance with the rules of the American main conference) are spreading more and more.

On 28 September one of these laboratories of change arrives in Rome at the MAXXI Museum with a specific purpose: to rediscover the child within us. The format is that of the American TED: 18 minutes to win over the audience. In Rome we will discuss Transmedia, "the creation of non-linear stories." Organizer Nicoletta Iacobacci explains that "every story has an entry point and with the Transmedia approach these accesses are diversified and multiplied." In essence, it is a different way of "narration" in which the technological possibilities of "hypertext" (among others) are interwoven with complex plots, "more revenue" and methods of "creative" marketing. An example?

To promote the publication of her book Allison Norrington, creator and writer, chose a very unconventional method. No billboards or stacks of books to sign, but the creation of another story. Norrington has chosen to make known the protagonist of her own story by putting business cards in shoe boxes in some shoe stores in local airports. So when you got home with your shoes you got to know about the book.

Norrington will be a highlight of TEDxTransmedia. But on the stage we will also find philosopher Øyvind Olsholt who has worked for years to bring Socrates and Hegel to small children. Or Rhianna Pratchett, innovative manufacturer of video games. We will discuss journalism with Rosalía Lloret, director of digital news Prisa (publisher of El Pais) or design with Andrew Shea. There will also be 'digital visionaries' and 'spiritual technology'.

All international speakers have the aim of bringing to Rome an event of world importance. It is precisely for this reason that the conference will be in English, "not to break the rhythm of the speeches of the speakers and because if you are interested in this world you do not come far knowing only the Italian." A choice that is likely to rule out a portion of the potential audience, but which, according to Iacobacci, must be interpreted more as "an urge to know, to go and see what's around us."

As guides on this trip will be pupils of St George International School of Rome. Not only leaders, but also actors: it is they who are entrusted with the opening of the three sections that split the conference. Their contributions will kick off the stories of dreamers, mindshifters and geeks ready to capture the audience and start the change.

Originalen i La Repubblica


Gloria Bagnariols intervju med Øyvind Olsholt

Philosophy from ancient Greece to the bank crisis: "Children know more than adults wonder!"

Øyvind Olsholt, Norwegian philosopher, has taught philosophy for children since 1997 and so ensures that new philosophers are born all the time: "For them, everything is new, love to learn everything." Today he speaks at TEDxTransmedia in Rome to show that the love of wisdom is "fun entertainment."

"Man, both now and at first, began to philosophize because of wonder", Aristotle, Metaphysics. Plato says in Theaetetus: "Wonder is the feeling of a philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder". The two great thinkers of antiquity were never so spot-on as in this case: the love of learning begins with the wonder of the man who stops being passive towards the phenomena of the world and chooses instead to ask questions about them.

The two were 'men', adult and mature creatures that first came together in the gardens of Greece to talk and then, progressively, they will meet in the classrooms of universities around the world. But how did philosophy come out from the academies to slip into nursery schools? "In Norway today this is not only possible, it is required. Even before arriving in elementary school children learn to philosophise just as, or nearly as, Plato and Aristotle." Or so assures us Øyvind Olsholt who since 1997 has taught philosophy for children. On September 28th he will be at TEDxTransmedia in Rome to convince adults that philosophy is fun.

Gloria: Are children thinkers?

ØO: If we start from the perspective that philosophy begins in wonder, children are in a sense born philosophers. Everything is new for them, they love to learn everything. It's much easier to be a wondering child than a wondering adult. The child is aware that everything, small or large, is a discovery.

Gloria: But philosophy is not only wonder?

ØO: No, it is also about creating structure. Our task is to bring this initial amazement to a heightened awareness.

Gloria: And how are you doing that?

ØO: Certainly not by teaching the history of philosophy. We must start from the interests of the children, find out what their questions are and then get them involved in an exploration of these questions. Usually we start by presenting some sort of stimuli: we read a story, look at a painting, listen to a song etc. but no more than five minutes. Then we start investigating. In the end we ask the children if they found the session boring or pleasant and why. And when examining questions, we never stop at the first answer.

Gloria: Why?

ØO: Because then we would have just listened to them and simply allowed children to speak to their heart's content. It's all too easy to express one's opinions and we would not have been able to do any further philosophical steps.

Gloria: Where then is the difficulty?

ØO: To let them explore and in doing so let them find their own way. Following the first response we continue to question them, to test their hypotheses. It's a kind of Socratic exploration, we do not stop until you find a point in the dialogue where we have a clear view.

Gloria: And the children how they react?

ØO: At first they are confused. Over the years they have grown accustomed to an adult who tells them what is right and wrong. Philosophy teaches them instead to try to find these reasons for themselves. Following an initial phase of displacement, however, they are passionate and it is impossible to stop them.

Gloria: So it's fun?

ØO: Certainly, philosophy is great fun! Not like a comedy, of course. I call it evocative fun, a form of entertainment that awakens consciousness.

Gloria: Which produces change?

ØO: There are two different types of change. We can not ask of thought to change external conditions, but it can revolutionize our self-consciousness, our outlook on the world. Sometimes this is enough to shape a totally different society.

Originalen i La Repubblica


Rapport fra TEDxTransmedia 2012

Geeks and dreamers come to Rome to believe in the future

Yesterday, in the Museum MAXXI in Rome, TEDxTransmedia was arranged for the third time. Philosophers, writers and innovators met with the positive desire to spread energy and a desire for change.

"Geeks, dreamers and mindshifters" had been called to speak for TEDxTransmedia – a sub-event to the American TED – to share with the public "ideas worth spreading" and to find the necessary energy to implement change.

How did it go? To understand what happened yesterday we should look at the bottom of the conference invitation. Here it says we are supposed to "rediscover our inner child," that is, to remove the cloths of the adult that seek quick solutions and instead change our perspectives, get excited of other people's points of view without prejudice. We are invited to depart from the negativeness of everyday life in order to discover new things and to put an extreme – almost blind – trust in the future and our role as protagonists of its construction.

Audiences followed with interest, but calmly too, perhaps unnerved by an unexpected return to the past: no phone coverage and no wifi in the room for more than ten minutes at a time. For Chris, the Estonian student who arrived in Italy for the event, it was "absurd" and "a conference on transmedia and it has not been possible to use the internet." Chris, who studies communication, did not even have any good words to say about the format: "I paid 180€ to sit still to listen to those who speak to me about change, I want to ask questions, to talk, to implement something together." But the TED concept makes no comprimises: each speaker has 18 minutes to engage the audience with his speech, then in a blink of an eye there is the next speech.

Neither were Andrea's comments, which deals with research and innovation, very positive: "I came back because last year I loved it, but honestly I was expecting something more. For goodness sake, interesting ideas, but nothing on which to work effectively. From the event in 2011 I came home with a thousand ideas on how to make projects with new narrative paths and strategies to be applied, this time no ... but if TEDxTransmedia returns next year, I'll come back because it is important to bring such occasions to Rome where you can breathe different air and try to innovate." His colleague agrees, but offers a more positive angle: "True, there were fewer people at this year's conference, maybe it's the fault of the sponsor, but the success of an event is judged by other things, such as what you let in, the baggage that you bring home. If it does not leave you indifferent, if it gives you something with which to think more deeply, it means that it did not disappoint." Nicoletta Iacobacci, organizer of the event, was pleased with the long day, "happy apart from some minor problems."

The TEDxTransmedia has not given the audience the magic formula to change the world or the new invention of the millennium, rather they have been "left indifferent." Apart from the experience of Øyvind Olsholt, children's philosopher, who explained to the audience why entertainment must be something more than just a pastime, why, and how it is possible (to change the world). The story of the 'change makers', the pupils of St. George in Rome, 60 years old in five years, who showed us how to become small engines of change. Some of them have decided to take back the city and initiate a project to clean it, who organise as a class in order to feel safe while crossing the street surrounded by chaotic traffic, who went to teach in an orphanage in Zambia changing their lives and those of the people she met.

And if that is not enough, surely just the story of the unexpected guest Salvatore Iaconesi would suffice. Iaconesi is an artist and an academic expert in technology. He was diagnosed with a brain tumor, but it has not resigned him to simply be a patient. To find a cure, to go back to being a person, he hacked his medical records and has digitally 'freed' the web portal opensource.net/care. Since it opened the site received more than 150,000 accounts, sixty doctors have been in contact with him and forty of these were in turn 'reviewed' by users. His invitation to participate in treatment is aimed at all: "Make a video, a map, a work of art, a game. Not only doctors, they can all be involved."

Originalen i La Repubblica

Siden opprettet: 02.10.12. Sist endret: 04.10.12 10:37.